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Health Tourism Guide
Vilniaus senamiestis Real is Beautiful
Lithuania in brief
Language Lithuanian
Capital Vilnius
Major cities Vilnius, Kaunas, Klaipeda, Šiauliai
Local time GMT + 2 hours
Currency Euro
Political system democratic parliamentary republic

Lithuania is located in Northern Europe, on the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea.

Total area: 65,300 km2 (longest distance from north to south – 276 km, from east to west – 373 km).

Neighboring countries: Latvia, Belarus, Poland, Russia.


  • 1732 km in total;
  • 677 km with Belarus;
  • 104 km with Poland;
  • 255 km of land border and 40 km of sea border with the Russian Federation;
  • 588 km of land border and 22 km of sea border with Latvia.

Coastline: 90, 66 km of the Baltic Sea coast with 4 Blue flag beaches in Palanga, Nida, Juodkrantė and Smiltynė.

Forest covers 30 % of the land area.

Average temperature: July is +17°C, in January – -4.9°C.

International relations: Lithuania is a member of NATO, EU and Schengen area.

Population of Lithuania in 2020

Population: 2 794 329

Major cities population:

  • 562,030 in Vilnius
  • 289,380 in Kaunas
  • 149,157 in Klaipeda

Ethnic groups:

  • 86,4 % Lithuanian,
  • 5,7 % Polish,
  • 4,5 % Russian,
  • 3,4 % others (Ukranian, Belorussian etc.).

Religion: predominantly Roman Catholic, other confessions include Russian Orthodox, Protestant, Muslim, etc.

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